1763, Zeeland

1763, Zeeland

Identifier
T.186-1921
Acquisition
Given by Mrs Grove
Carried out by
Gerritsen, Gerarda (http://data.silknow.org/activity/designer)
Collection
Material
Technique
Depiction
Dimension
36.8 cm (length)
36.8 cm (width)
Production time
Production place
Type of object

Description

Unique The earliest samplers were reference works for embroiderers. They showed 'samples' of patterns and stitches and recorded how to achieve particular effects. In Europe in the 17th century samplers provided instruction and practice for girls learning needlework. In The Netherlands, needleworkers made elaborate darning samplers to show off their darning skills in the later 1700s. These samplers may have been the source for English darning samplers. However the samplers from The Netherlands are more usually signed and dated than the English ones. Gerarda Gerritsen is known to have lived in Bree in Middelburg, where she died in 1797. She was 13 years old when she made the sampler. The “SS” on the sampler refers to her teacher Sarah Scholtus. There are seven known by the same teacher, one of which in the Collection Centraal Museum, Utrecht, has her name in full. Cotton darning sampler, embroidered with silk; the Zeeland area of the Netherlands; dated 1763 Sampler embroidered in coloured silks mainly in darning stitches. There are fifteen large cross-shaped panels and two small ones filled with diaper patterns (stripes, chequers, lozenges) and floral and fruit sprigs in darning. Towards the bottom is the date 'ANNO 1763' beneath a crown and inscription 'GERARDA GERRITSEN' and 'BY SS'. The colours are blue, light green, yellow, dark brown, pink and red.